5 Common Types of Arthritis And Their Treatment

5 Common Types of Arthritis And Their Treatment

Being able to walk pain-free is a blessing. But not all are lucky enough to feel blessed in the same way as others feel.

Do you know why? Well, the answer to this ‘Why’ is Arthritis.

Arthritis is the inflammation of the body joints and it may affect one or multiple joints and the connective tissues.


There are more than 100 types of arthritis with different causes of wear & tear, infections, and other underlying conditions. The symptoms may include swelling, pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility.

Through this blog, we shall highlight the 5 common types of arthritis and how to treat them.

So let’s get started.


This is the most common form of arthritis and relatively, more people have this condition than any other form of arthritis.

When the joints get overused, it leads to ‘wear and tear’ of the joints. Mostly it crops up with the increasing age but in some cases, obesity can also become the prime reason for osteoarthritis as it exerts more pressure on the joints.

The joints that bear most of the weight are that of knees. It develops gradually over months and the joints start hurting.

What happens to the joints

Cartilage which is the slippery material that covers the ends of the bones breaks down and the body loses the shock absorber which makes the movement painful.

Treatment for Osteoarthritis

There is no cure but treatment can help manage osteoarthritis. Every treatment should be initiated only after consulting an expert. Some common measures of treatment are –

  • Physical activity: Remaining physically active can help prevent it from  disrupting your life. Walking or doing some fun activities can render positive results. Some stretching exercises help to improve flexibility.
  • Weight management: Excess weight puts more pressure on the joints than they can bear. So one should work to reduce weight in case he/she is overweight.
  • Medications: The expert’s intervention may require you to take regular medications as prescribed.
  • Surgery: When every other treatment fails then surgery comes to the rescue to repair or replace the affected joints. Such surgeries need expert hands to make it successful.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

RA is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system affects the parts of the body, especially the joints.

This leads to inflammation and can cause severe joint damage if it keeps getting ignored.

What happens to the joints

The person affected by RA experiences pain, stiffness, and swelling in various joints such as hands, wrists, elbows, ankles, feet, and jaw. Morning stiffness also starts, giving a painful start to every day.

 Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis

The disease cannot go away at once but it can be controlled with the right treatment. Expert intervention should be ensured to get the right treatment. Some common measures of treatment are:

  • Early treatment: Getting early treatment can help control the symptoms and prevent the condition from getting complicated further.
  • Medications: RA can be managed with the help of medications as this helps to ease the symptoms and slow down the disease activity.
  • Surgery: Surgery becomes an important option for the ones who have suffered severe damage to the joints which is hindering their mobility to a great extent.

Psoriatic Arthritis

It is inflammatory arthritis which affects some people who have psoriasis. Psoriasis is a condition in which red and scaly patches form on the skin.

This arthritis occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the healthy tissues of joints and the skin.

What happens to the joints

The affected person may experience joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. Some also get affected by the morning stiffness. The symptoms may flare and subside.

Treatment for Psoriatic Arthritis

Symptoms can be controlled by giving the required treatments and stopping it from spreading further. Consult an expert to know about the right treatments. Some common measures of treatment are:

  • Topical treatments: These treatments involve the application of topical medicines directly to the skin to treat scaly and itchy rashes due to psoriasis. These medicines come in the form of creams, lotions, shampoos, sprays, and ointments.
  • Medications: As the doctor may recommend, some medicines may become a part of the treatment as per the symptoms. These are the ones which need to be taken orally to reduce the symptoms.


Presence of excess uric acid in the bloodstream leads to the condition known as gout. This acid can form needle-like crystals in a joint and can cause the occurrence of joint pain, tenderness, swelling, and redness.

Such episodes can occur suddenly; often at night.

What happens to the joints

Gout, most commonly affects the joints at the base of the big toe. Intense pain and swelling start affecting the joints.

Treatment for Gout

Some steps and treatments can be followed to reduce the causes and symptoms of gout. Consult the experts to know about the right treatments.

Some common measures of treatment are:

  • Diet control: To keep a check on the presence of excess uric acid in the bloodstream, the diet should be controlled after consulting the expert. Alcohol intake should also be reduced.
  • Medications: Some medications can help relieve the symptoms of gout and also to control its main cause.


This condition arises when the body’s immune system becomes hyperactive and starts attacking the normal tissues. Inflammation caused by lupus affects joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart, and lungs.

What happens to the joints

Symptoms vary but the most common are joint pain, fatigue, rash, and fever. These may come and go in episodes.

Treatment for Lupus

There is no permanent cure for lupus but some treatments can help to reduce the symptoms of lupus.

  • Medications: Various medications are available to control the symptoms of lupus. Such medications should only be taken on the recommendation of the doctor. Some are for reducing inflammation, swelling, and fever; while others are for suppressing the immune system.

Closing Comments


Arthritis is affecting lives at a larger level. But those who get it treated are the ones who are able to survive the battle by not letting it disrupt the mobility or normal functioning.

Ojas Hospital has been treating arthritis with the most innovative and effective treatments. We have the best orthopaedic surgeons who are ready to render the best medical services.

As for the surgery, we have the best techniques which will not only help you relieve the symptoms but also will let you live an independent and pain-free life.

We advise all not to overlook any growing symptoms or complications. Prepare to repair and not to repent should be the criteria to be followed to get a disease treated.

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About Author: Ojas Hospital

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