Beating Heart Surgery vs Traditional Bypass Surgery

Beating Heart Surgery vs Traditional Bypass Surgery

The coronary artery bypass surgery is generally performed to make a detour near the partially or completely blocked arteries of the heart. Therefore, bypass surgery enables the heart to receive its much-needed supply of blood.

However, the coronary artery bypass surgery is performed on any patient, when his/her heart’s arteries are unable to supply enough blood to the heart. 

Further, the surgery provides comfort in angina, to enhance the functionality of the heart muscles to pump blood. Also, it helps in preventing heart attacks and even lessens the intake of heart medications, which further improves the quality of life of the patient concerned. 

Nevertheless, the signs of the surgery differ on the grounds of the symptoms exhibited by the patient and also the analysis made at the time of catheterization of the heart. Considering the protocol, the best heart surgeons in Panchkula at Ojas Hospital, closely examine all the important factors responsible and recommend the surgery to their patients.

Probing further, the idea of coronary artery bypass surgery is quite easy. The sound arteries or veins are amassed to construct the bypass grafts, a channel that is required to carry out the blood flow successfully, around the blocked part of the coronary arteries. 

The new part of the vessel can enter through the mammary artery present in the chest, or the radial artery in the forearm, or the saphenous vein present in the leg.

But in general, it is the saphenous vein in the leg that is most commonly used for redirecting the grafts. These are the vessels that are utilized by the heart surgeons as a substitute vessel to supply the blood to the muscles of the heart beneath the blockage point. As discussed above, the surgery is performed to redirect the blood flow to those parts of the heart muscles that are unable to receive sufficient blood.

Being the best heart hospital in Panchkula, the doctors at Ojas Hospital closely examine the details of the medical case they are working on. Post the analysis, they recommend the type of bypass surgery. It can be a beating heart bypass surgery or conventional bypass surgery, both are performed to restore the blood flow to the heart.

To understand the difference between the two types of surgeries, let’s surf below:

Traditional Bypass Surgery

Back in 1950, with the introduction of the heart-lung machine in the medical field, the coronary artery bypass surgery came into existence. 

During the traditional bypass surgery, the surgeons employ the heart-lung machine coupled with specific medications to pause the heart, so that the bypass surgery can be performed on a still area. 

‘Pump’ is another term used for this machine, as it keeps pumping the oxygen and nutrients mechanically to the body while the surgery is being performed.

Beating Heart Bypass Surgery

As the name suggests, in contrast to the traditional bypass surgery, beating heart bypass surgery is performed on a beating heart. 

In the former, the surgeons employed a heart-lung machine or pump during the procedure, as discussed above. But the beating heart bypass surgery is the only option in certain cases, where the surgery is being performed without the pump. 

Irrespective of this fact, the surgeons require a perfusionist during this type of surgery, too. A perfusionist is the one who specializes in operating the heart-lung machine. He too is an important aspect of this surgery, who standby during the surgery, just in case there arises any need for the machine.

Though one of the greatest advantages of this type of surgery is that the surgeons can conduct multiple bypass grafts on almost all the areas of the heart, comprising of the posterior (backside), at the same moment. 

This implies that the surgeon can perform triple, quadruple or more bypass grafts routed through the incision made right in the centre of the chest, without a pump.

Benefits of Beating Heart Bypass Surgery

Being the best heart hospital in Panchkula, Ojas Hospital offers both kinds of bypass surgeries. However, the best heart specialists in Panchkula at the hospital might recommend the beating heart procedure, due to its incontestable benefits. 

In general, the patient who has undergone traditional bypass surgery needs four to six weeks to recover completely. Whereas those with Beating heart bypass surgery take relatively lesser time to recover. 

In addition, patients who have undergone an off-pump surgery gain consciousness quite early post-surgery as compared to conventional surgery. Some of the advantages of a beating heart bypass surgery are listed below:

  • Short Hospital Stay
  • Less traumatic due to the absence of the pump
  • A decreased requirement of blood transfusions
  • Lesser neurological aftereffects, like stroke
  • Additionally, it has been observed that the patients who have undertaken traditional bypass surgery, might come down with lapses in mental alertness that further leads to brain damage.

Best Heart Hospital in Panchkula – Ojas Hospital

With extensive experience in heart bypass surgery, the best heart specialists at the hospital employ the latest equipment to operate the patients and treat the blocked arteries in a highly controlled operative environment. 

As discussed above, the beating heart bypass surgery in contrast to the traditional surgery offers speedy recovery to the patients with a lesser toll on the systems. 

Ojas Hospital is a pioneer in the field of Cardiology and cardiothoracic surgery and is also considered to be one of the best heart bypass surgery hospitals in India.

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