Chronic Kidney Disease – Causes, Symptoms & Prevention

Chronic Kidney Disease – Causes, Symptoms & Prevention

Kidney diseases have spread like an epidemic and the most shocking fact about it is that it does not spare anyone by considering age or gender factor.

Chronic kidney disease is basically the gradual loss of the kidney function over time. This, in other words, means that the kidneys stop filtering wastes and fluids from the blood which then passes out of the body through urine.

And if the waste does not get out of the body then it is no less than venom for the body which can slowly eat up one’s health.

This disease makes one live a life which no one chooses but has to deal with every day, if attacked by it, with some ways to prolong life. But without any doubt, this can be controlled if diagnosed at the earlier stages under the expert’s supervision.

To find a cure, we need to be aware of its causes and symptoms. Let us begin by knowing some prominent causes of chronic kidney disease.


Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease

1. Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes does not come alone. It brings along other health complications which can further deteriorate a person’s state of health.

A person needs to be very active and vigilant if he is a victim of diabetes as it affects the kidneys which create complications in its functioning.

So watch out for kidney disease if you have diabetes.

2. High blood pressure

High blood pressure is a silent killer. It affects the health more adversely than expected.

High blood pressure and related health issues should never be ignored and here the medical intervention becomes necessary to save a life.

3. Genetic Disorders

There may occur some genetic disorders which may be followed by chronic kidney disease. Such disorders promote the growth of cysts in the kidneys which can trigger the kidney disorders.

4. Kidney Infection

Even a minor infection in the kidneys can wreak havoc with your health if left untreated.

5. Urine Obstruction

In case left untreated, can lead to chronic kidney disease. Any infection can slowly start affecting the functioning of the kidney.

6. Miscellaneous Factors

Still there can be some minor factors which can lead to chronic kidney disease.

Such factors are –

  • Entry of toxic drugs into kidneys
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Heavy metal poisoning
  • Disorders in which the body’s immune system attacks its own cells and organs, and many other related factors.

Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease, as mentioned earlier, develops slowly and does not show clear symptoms at the earlier stages. Symptoms can be subtle.

Generally observed, it begins to show the warning signs when your kidneys are badly damaged.

If you start experiencing the below-mentioned symptoms then you should make sure to get the expert treatment right away without any delay.

1. Fatigue

When your kidneys are healthy, they produce a hormone called erythropoietin that tells your body to produce cells for carrying oxygen.

But when your kidneys have failed to function properly or are on the verge of failure, the kidneys make less of this hormone.

Consequently, your brain and muscles tire very swiftly which need immediate medical attention.

2. Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath can be due to two major factors.

  • Extra fluid can build up in the lungs
  • Shortage of oxygen-carrying red blood cells

3. Itching

When the kidneys fail to remove the waste from your body, the same waste remains in the blood which causes itching in various parts of the body.

4. Swelling in hands or feet

Kidney failure disables the kidneys to remove waste and fluids from the body which builds up in the body.

As a result, it causes swelling in the ankles, legs, feet, and hands.

5. Food tastes differently

A build-up of wastes in the body makes the food taste different and causes bad breath too.

6. Nausea and vomiting

Due to the build-up of waste and fluid in the body which should otherwise be removed from the body, it causes a person to vomit and also causes nausea.

7. Urination problems

The person may urinate more often during the night in greater amounts.Feeling pressure and difficulty while urinating may add up to the problem. The urine may be foamy. The urine is generally dark in colour and may also contain blood.

8. Trouble thinking clearly

Shortage of oxygen supply to the blood can lead to anaemia which leads to memory problems. After the awareness, comes the treatment to the rescue. Simply having the knowledge of the causes and symptoms of chronic kidney disease is not sufficient. The next step should be towards seeking the expert’s opinion for the right treatment.


Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease

1. Medication

There is no specific medicine for chronic kidney disease but some medications can help control the conditions that cause kidney disorders or to prevent such conditions from further affecting the kidneys.

The experts may recommend taking some medications to control the other health issues that may affect the kidneys.

Some of the conditions for which medicines are preferred in this case are –

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Water retention
  • Anaemia
  • Glomerulonephritis

2. Dialysis

Kidney dialysis

In such cases where the kidneys stop working completely, dialysis helps as the life-support system where this treatment performs the function of the kidneys.

There are two main types of dialysis –

  • Haemodialysis – This diverts blood into an external machine where it is filtered and then returned into the body.
  • Peritoneal dialysis – This pumps the dialysis fluid into the space inside the stomach to draw out the waste products from the blood passing through the vessels lining the inside of the stomach.

3. Kidney Transplant

The most effective treatment for advanced kidney disease, a kidney transplant is a major surgery where one gets transplanted with a donor’s kidney as life is possible even with a single kidney working.

But it also requires taking medications to stop your body from affecting the donor organ.


Creating and executing a global outreach to aware and treat the people of this deadly disease, Ojas Hospital has always rendered the right treatments and helped people survive in the long run even with the Chronic Kidney disease.

90% of kidney function can be lost without experiencing any symptoms. But the modern treatments at Ojas Hospital facility shall help you stand up and give a tough fight to the kidney disease.

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