Emergency Treatment For Cardiac Arrest

Emergency Treatment For Cardiac Arrest

Cardiac arrest is a rearmost and sudden medical emergency and condition where the heart stops functioning and there is an unexpected loss of breathing and consciousness. Cardiac arrest and heart attack mostly seem to be the same but they are not.

Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest

Cardiac Arrest Symptoms are very immediate and rigid, and come without any signals:

  • No Breathing
  • Vomiting
  • No pulse
  • Sudden collapse
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Fainting, blackouts, dizziness
  • Chest pain, shortness of breath and palpitations
  • Loss of consciousness

Risk factors for Cardiac Arrest

Causes of Cardiac Arrest include:

  • Smoking
  • High blood cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Family H/O Sudden Cardiac Arrest
  • Drinking
  • Increasing Age
  • Drug Addiction
  • A sedentary lifestyle
  • Low Ejection Fraction
  • Critical Valvular Stenosis

Diagnosis for Cardiac Arrest

Emergency Treatment for Cardiac Arrest

  • A person should get blood tests to check the levels of magnesium, potassium, hormones and other chemicals that may harm your heart’s ability to function properly.
  • Electrocardiogram:- During an ECG, electrodes that can unearth the electrical activity of your heart are connected to your chest and sometimes to your limbs. An ECG can show disturbances in heart rhythm or unearth abnormal electrical patterns, such as a prolonged QT interval, that increase your risk of immediate death.
  • Imaging testing:
    • Chest X-ray: This permits your doctor to check the shape and size of your heart and its blood vessels. It can also detect whether you have heart failure.
    • Echocardiogram: This test utilizes sound waves to produce an image of your heart. It can help identify whether an area of your heart has been harmed by a heart attack and isn’t pumping hard enough or whether there are issues with your heart valves. 

This test including MRI, cardiac catheterization, nuclear scan, and CT scan, can all examine your heart’s pumping capacity by measuring what’s called the ejection fraction, one of the most essential predictors of your risk of sudden cardiac arrest.

Ejection fraction refers to the amount of blood that’s pumped out of a filled ventricle with each heartbeat. A normal fraction is 50 to 70 percent. A fraction of less than 40 percent increases your risk of sudden cardiac arrest.

  • Nuclear scan: This test is normally done with a stress test, helps identify blood flow issues to your heart. Small amounts of thallium are injected into your bloodstream. Special cameras can unearth the radioactive material as it flows through your heart and lungs.
  • Coronary catheterization: During this process, a liquid dye is supplied into the arteries of your heart through a long, thin tube that is advanced through an artery, normally in your arm, to arteries in your heart. As the dye fills your arteries, the arteries become visible on X-ray and videotape, showing areas of blockage.
  • Other diagnostic tests like Electrical system testing and mapping, Ejection fraction testing, Coronary catheterization.

Treatment for Cardiac Arrest

Sudden cardiac arrest needs immediate action for survival.


Immediate CPR is essential for treating sudden cardiac arrest. By keeping a flow of oxygen-rich blood to the body’s vital organs, CPR can serve a vital link until more-advanced emergency care is available.

If you don’t know CPR and someone collapses unconscious beside you, call 8909833333 or emergency medical help. Then, if the person isn’t taking normal breathe, start compression on the centre of chest — at a rate of approximately 40/minute, allowing the chest to fully rise between compressions. Perform this until an automated external defibrillator (AED) gets available or emergency personnel arrives.


Proper care for ventricular fibrillation which is a type of arrhythmia that can cause immediate or sudden cardiac arrest, generally involves the delivery of an electrical shock through the chest wall to the heart. The process, called defibrillation, stops the heart and the chaotic rhythm. This usually permits the normal heart rhythm to resume.

Defibrillators are programmed to identify ventricular fibrillation and send a shock only when it’s appropriate. These portable defibrillators are easily available in public places, including airports, shopping malls, casinos, gyms, and community and senior citizen centers.

Emergency room

Once you reach in the emergency room, the medical staff members will work and take the responsibility to stabilize your condition and treat possible heart failure, heart attack or electrolyte imbalances. You can also be given medications to stabilize your heart rhythm.

Long Term Treatment

Long-term treatment of medications, implantation of cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and surgery like coronary angioplasty, coronary bypass surgery, radio frequency catheter ablation or corrective heart surgery.

Why Choose Dr. Anurag Sharma for Cardiac Treatment?

At Ojas Super Specialty Hospital, We are a team of highly qualified and experienced doctors. Each doctor takes complete responsibility for providing the best services with no corporate mindset. 

Our main motto is to provide full care and help to the patients, not only physically but also financially and mentally. One of our best cardiologists, Dr. Anurag Sharma is always ready to serve care, to help people and to give them wise advises and respects their virtues.

Give us a chance to serve you with complete care and expert treatment for any health-related issue.

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About Author: Ojas Hospital

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