Glioma – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Glioma is a category of the tumor, commonly occurring in the spinal cord or brain. Gliomas start in surrounding nerve cells that are gluey supportive cells (glial cells) and helps for functioning.
Classification of Glioma tumors goes into astrocytomas, ependymomas, and oligodendrogliomas. This classification is according to the tumor’s genetic features that give an idea about behavior and suitable treatments over time. Generally, your treatment and prognosis of Glioma tumors go according to the type of tumor.
Depending upon the rate of growth and location, Glioma can be life-threatening by affecting your brain function. Treatment of Glioma goes by radiation therapy, surgery, targeted therapy, chemotherapy, and experimental clinical trials.
As per the study of central nervous system tumors and all brain tumors, Gliomas comprise about 30 percent. Also, gliomas are 80% of all malignant brain tumors.
SYMPTOMS OF GLIOMA TUMOR
As described above, Glioma tumor symptoms vary by the tumor’s location, the rate on which tumor is growing, and the size of a tumor. However, if having a glioma tumor, you can exhibit various signs and symptoms, as below:
- Experiencing confusion in mind or a decline in the function of the brain
- Loss of memory
- Irritability or changes in personality
- You may have frequent headaches
- Vomiting or nausea
- Confusion or a decrease in brain function
- Difficulty in speech
- Experiencing seizures though you haven’t had before
- Having difficulty to balance
- Urinary incontinence
- Double vision, blurry vision or loss of peripheral vision
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OR RISK FACTORS OF GLIOMA?
Similar to other primary tumors, there is no exact cause of Glioma, but some risk factors can increase the risk of Glioma. According to our brain specialist doctor in Chandigarh, the following factors can result in the formation of a tumor.
Age factor – As your age grows, your risk of a brain tumor increases too. Though you can have a brain tumor at any age, Gliomas occur in adults between the age of 45 to 65 years. Particularly tumors like ependymomas and pilocytic astrocytomas arise in children and young adults.
Radiation exposure – The risk of tumor increases by exposure to the type of radiation called ionizing radiation. For example, ionizing radiation includes radiation exposure caused by atomic bombs and radiation therapy for treating cancer.
It is unclear whether cell phone use raises the risk of brain cancer. It is found by some studies that cell phone use can cause Acoustic Neuroma that is a type of brain cancer. But many other studies resulted in no association with a brain tumor by cell phone use.
However, according to the recommendation of experts, you need to limit your exposure by using a hands-free device or speaker. These devices keep cell phones away from your head.
Hereditary factors – If someone suffered by Glioma in your family, perhaps you are at double risk of developing it. There is a weak association of some genes with Glioma. But still for establishing a link between brain tumors and genetic variations needs better confirmation. Overall, there are rare cases of Glioma running into families.
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT OF GLIOMA?
Doctors provide customized treatment to patients suffering from Glioma tumors. Treatment options for it include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgery, and observation.
It requires a multidisciplinary team for the treatment of brain tumors. Generally, the group consists of radiation therapists, neurosurgeons, pathologists, and medical neuro-oncologists. It includes neurosurgeons, medical neuro-oncologists, radiation therapists, and pathologists. Below we present you types of treatment option available for Gliomas:
TREATMENT OF GLIOMA BY SURGERY
The most common treatment for Glioma that our brain surgeon in Chandigarh prescribes is surgery. During surgery, a biopsy provides tissue samples by which pathologist makes accurate diagnose about tumor composition.
A biopsy report is critical for the treatment. Surgery relieves pressure from the brain due to tumors by removing tumor tissue. The patient should get surgery urgently to avoid worsening of the condition.
TREATMENT OF GLIOMAS BY RADIATION THERAPY
After surgery, the patient needs to undergo radiation therapy, usually for high-grade Gliomas. At locations with recurrent Gliomas, and it is not safe to perform surgery, radiation therapy works better.
There are three types of radiation therapies for the treatment of Gliomas:
- External beam radiation therapy
- Internal radiation by glial site radiation therapy system
- Stereotactic radiosurgery
TREATMENT OF GLIOMAS BY CHEMOTHERAPY
Patients can require chemotherapy, along with target therapy and GLIADEL® wafers in some cases. Usually, doctors recommend it after surgery and radiation therapy when having high-grade Gliomas.
The patient can get any from these types of chemotherapies to treat Glioma:
- Targeted therapy
- Systemic, or standard, chemotherapy
- GLADIAL® wafers.
OJAS HOSPITAL- BEST NEUROLOGY HOSPITAL
Ojas Hospital is one of the leading hospitals offering brain surgery in Chandigarh for the treatment of patients suffering from Gliomas.
Our in house amenities such as ultrasound, CT scan, X-ray, and general laboratory are sufficient to offer timely help to patients.
Moreover, Ojas Hospital includes a full-fledged trauma center available at Ojas Hospital is capable of treatment of patients in an emergency.
At our neurology care hospital, we ensure successful surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy for patients with Gliomas.
Our doctors have a good understanding of types, causes, symptoms, and stages of cataracts to do counseling with patients for their health wellbeing.
Ojas Hospital is a symbol of hope for those in despair by gliomas and avails the right treatment under the care of a responsible brain doctor in Chandigarh.
Anyone who is in trouble by Gliomas can meet our brain specialists at Ojas Hospital, Chandigarh, for treatment with modern techniques and advanced paraphernalia.