Kidney Stones – Causes, Treatment, and Prevention
In today’s jiffy, who isn’t familiar with the trouble of Kidney Stones. Today, one out of four people have this traumatic problem. Who knows, maybe a person sitting beside you be having this problem.
We have heard a lot about kidney stones. But how are they formed? Much less are the people who really know about it.
Well, kidney stones are a result of a buildup of dissolved minerals on the surface of the inner lining of the kidneys.
They usually are made up of calcium oxalate but the alloy consists of other several compounds too.
Kidney stones can be of varied texture and size. They can be of a size of a pebble and even can grow up to the size of a golf ball maintaining a sharp structure.
Some stones are so small that they pass through the urinary tract without even being noticed, but some cause such extreme pain that one wants to bite the rubber for not to scream.
Let’s have a look at some of its Symptoms.
Symptoms of Kidney Stones
The kidney stones are skilled at staying unnoticeable until they move into the ureter. The apparent kidney stone symptoms include
- Persistent Urge to Urinate
- Severe pain in the groin
- Fever and chills if there is an infection
- Blood in Urine
- Burning Sensation during urination
- Vomiting and Nausea
- Reduced amount of urine excreted
- White Blood Cells or pus in the urine
Problems bring complications along. Let’s look onto what complication you might get to face.
Complications of Kidney Stones
Kidney stones that do not leave the body can lead to a pile of complications which may include the blockage of the tube connecting the kidney and the bladder, forming an obstruction in the path of urine flow.
According to a recent survey, people with kidney stones have a slightly higher risk of ending up with chronic kidney diseases.
Now we know that what are kidney stones and what can they do to us. But still there lies a question to what are the causes?
Let’s look on to some of its causes.
Causes of Kidney Stones
The fountain-head of this devious problem is lack of water in the body.
People who drink less than eight to ten glasses of water in a day are more vulnerable to kidney stones.
It starts from when a body doesn’t have enough water to dilute the uric acid, which results in making urine even more acidic.
Gradually this excessive acidic environment in urine furthers leads to the formation of kidney stones.
Not only the scarcity of water but some other diseases too come along this problem. Such diseases could be Crohn’s Disease, Urinary Tract Infections, Renal Tubular Acidosis, Hyperparathyroidism, Medullary Sponge Kidney, and Dent’s Disease.
There are many risk factors too. Let’s have a look at them.
Risk Factors involved with Kidney Stones
Although Kidney Stones mostly occur in males, but gradually, this problem is increasing in females too. Most people face this problem by the age between 30 and 50 years. If one has a family history of kidney stones, he/she has more chances of facing this problem.
Moreover, if a person has faced this problem in past, he is vulnerable to its recurrence if preventive measures are not taken properly.
Even there are some medications which increase the risk of making up kidney stones. Researchers found that Topiramate, a drug commonly used to treat migraine headaches, can increase the probability of developing kidney stones.
Even the supplements used to increase calcium and vitamin D add up to form kidney stones.
The add-ons to risk factors include diets that are high in sodium and protein but low in calcium, obesity, high blood pressure, inflammatory bowel diseases, chronic diarrhea, etc.
Treatment for Kidney Stones
Managing the symptoms is far better than the painful procedure of passing it out.
Individuals with a family history of kidney stones can go for the home treatments but people who have encountered this disease for the first time are highly recommended to see a doctor.
Narcotics are mostly preferred to soothe the painful procedure of passing it out. In some cases, urologists can perform a shock wave therapy known as lithotripsy. This treatment helps in breaking down kidney stones into smaller pieces which are easy to pass out.
People may go through surgical procedures if the stones are big and are in the regions not good for lithotripsy. These procedures may include removal of a stone through an incision in the back or by inserting a thin tube into the urethra.
Home Remedies for Kidney Stones
The famous ‘Granny’s Way Out’ is really good for you if you have a genetic kidney stone problem.
There are few steps which you may do at home to reduce the impact of kidney stones and help doctors in providing treatment.
First and foremost thing is drinking lots and lots of water. Even the doctor suggests this for natural passing out of kidney stone. They would then ask you to retrieve a kidney stone from urine by filtering it through a gauze. This could help them further determine the medical proceeds.
Diagnosis for Kidney Stones
There are several tests to determine whether you have Kidney Stone or not.
A physical examination for pains in lower areas can help determine the approximate location of kidney stones.
The analysis of urine can indicate whether there is any kind of infection or not. Blood tests can be conducted to identify complications that may come along with kidney stones.
A CT Scan of the abdomen is another way of testing for kidney stones. It can ascertain the state of bladder, ureter, and kidney for the existence of the stone, its size, and location. It can also determine if it makes any kind of blockage and helps to know the condition of neighboring organs too.
Ultrasounds are a good way of detecting the stones and are highly recommended to pregnant ladies.
Once, a kidney stone has been diagnosed, a simple X-Ray could be used to track its progress through the excretory system.
Ojas Super Speciality Hospital has qualified urologists and best in the region machinery and pieces of equipment to detect the stones. It is the best place to get counseled and get treated. Contact Ojas Super Speciality Hospital now and get to know what could be possibly done to get rid of a kidney stone with less pain and less cumbersome procedures.