Parkinson’s Disease – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Parkinson’s Disease – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Parkinson’s disease is a critical nervous system disorder that harms movement. Symptoms start slowly, sometimes starting with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand. Tremors are common, but the disease also commonly causes stiffness or slowing of movement. 

In the early stages of Parkinson’s disease, your face may lose expression. Your arms may not swing while walking. Your voice may become soft or slurred. Parkinson’s disease symptoms worsen within time.

Although Parkinson’s disease can’t be treated, medications can significantly improve your symptoms. Occasionally, the best brain doctors at Ojas Hospital may suggest an operation to regulate certain regions of your brain and improve your symptoms.

Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease signs and symptoms can vary from person to person. Early signs may be gentle and go unnoticed. Symptoms usually start on one side of your body and remain worse on that side, even after symptoms begin to harm both sides.

  • Tremor: A tremor often begins in a limb, hand or fingers. You may also experience pill-rolling tremor, and your hand may tremor when it’s at rest.
  • Slowed Movement:- Parkinson’s disease can affect your movement, making easy tasks difficult and time-consuming. Your steps may become shorter while walking. It may become hard to get out of a chair. You may drag your feet while walking.
  • Speech Changes:- You may speak softly, rapidly, slur or hesitate before talking. Your voice may be more of a monotonous rather than with the common inflexions.
  • Writing Changes:- It may create difficulty in writing.
  • Rigid Muscles:- It may raise muscle stiffness in any part of your body. The stiff muscles can be painful and shrink your range of motion. 
  • Posture and Balance Problem:- You may have posture or balance issues as a result of Parkinson’s disease.

Causes of Parkinson’s disease

There are several causes of Parkinson’s disease, including:

  • Genes Factor:- Researchers have identified some genetic mutations that can cause Parkinson’s disorder. But these happen in rare cases with many family members affected by Parkinson’s disease.
  • Environmental triggers:- Exposure to certain toxins or environmental factors may encourage the complication of later Parkinson’s disease,
  • Lewy bodies:- Clumps of specific substances called Lewy bodies hold an essential clue to the cause of Parkinson’s disease.
  • Alpha-synuclein:- Although many substances are found within Lewy bodies, scientists believe an important one is the natural and widespread protein called alpha-synuclein.

Risk Factors in Parkinson’s disease

There are some risk factors for Parkinson’s Diseases:

  • Age:- Young adults rarely have the problem of Parkinson’s disease. It usually begins in middle or late life, and the complications increase with age. People usually develop this disorder around age 60 or older.
  • Sex:- Males are more likely to have Parkinson’s disease than are females.
  • Exposure to toxins:- Ongoing exposure to herbicides and pesticides can also raise your risk of Parkinson’s disease.
  • Heredity:- Having a family member with Parkinson’s disease increases the chances that you’ll build the condition. However, your risks are still small unless you have many family members with Parkinson’s disease.

Treatment for Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disorder can’t be cured, but medications can prevent symptoms, usually dramatically. In some later cases, surgery may be required.

The best brain specialists at Ojas Hospital may also suggest daily life changes, especially ongoing physical exercises. In some cases, physical therapies, balancing and stretching is also essential. A speech-language pathologist may remove your speech problems.

Medications for Parkinson’s disease

Medications may help you manage this disorder with walking, physical exercise, and tremor. Patients with Parkinson’s disorder have low brain dopamine concentrations. However, dopamine can’t be used directly, as it can’t enter your brain. 

You may have expressive improvement of your symptoms after starting treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Over time, however, the benefits of medicines frequently diminish or become less consistent. You can usually still improve your symptoms fairly well. Some medications your doctor may prescribe are:

  • Carbidopa-levodopa
  • Carbidopa-levodopa Infusion
  • Dopamine agonists
  • MAO B inhibitors
  • COMT inhibitors
  • Anticholinergics
  • Amantadine

Surgical Procedure for Parkinson’s disease

Deep brain stimulation

In deep brain stimulation (DBS), surgeons implant electrodes into a particular part of your brain. The electrodes are linked to a generator implanted in your chest that provides electrical pulses to your brain and may decrease your Parkinson’s disease symptoms. 

Brain doctors at Ojas Hospital may regulate your settings as necessary to provide the best treatment. Surgery involves risks such as infections, stroke or brain haemorrhage. Some patients experience problems or have complications with DBS system, and your doctor may need to change some parts of the system. 

Deep brain stimulation usually offered to patients with advanced Parkinson’s disease who have unstable medication responses. DBS can stabilize your medications, reduce involuntary movements, rigidity, tremor and improve slowing of movement. 

DBS is beneficial in controlling erratic and fluctuating responses to levodopa or for controlling dyskinesia.

Although DBS may provide continuous relief from Parkinson’s symptoms, it doesn’t keep Parkinson’s disease from progressing.

Choose Ojas Hospital – The best Neurology hospital in India

Ojas Hospital is the leading hospital and one of the most advanced general medical centres in the nation. We have the best neurosurgery doctors in India for providing the treatment of diseases like Parkinson’s disorder. 

Our highly experienced team for treating neurological disorders is considered among the best in the nation. As one of the most renowned and the best Neurosurgery center in the country, we serve expertise in this field that few other centres can match.

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