Signs and Symptoms of Heart Disease in Women
Most people think that heart disease is common among men only. In fact, along with men a healthy ratio of women too succumb to heart diseases every year, globally.
It is important to know that stroke and heart disease causes one in three deaths among women every year.
It is unfortunate to have this ratio among women dying from heart diseases when 80% of patients suffering from stroke events can be prevented by proper education and timely action. Awareness of heart disease equips women to beat it better.
However, women exhibit different symptoms of heart diseases than men. Here we would like to understand the unique symptoms of women to reduce the risk of heart diseases among women.
What are the Various Symptoms for Heart Diseases in Women?
Commonly both men and women experience a type of chest pain, discomfort or pressure that lasts for 2 minutes though comes and goes. But chest pain is not often noticeable or severe rather it is tightness or pressure. As compared to men, women exhibit more heart attack symptoms, besides chest pain.
- Sweating a lot.
- Unusual fatigue.
- Experiencing pain in one or both arms.
- Dizziness or lightheadedness.
- Discomfort in neck, jaw, upper back, abdominal or shoulder.
- Shortness of breath.
It is possible that these may not be noticeable or vague as compared to severe chest pain. The reason for this is that women have blockages in the main artery as well as other smaller arteries which are responsible for supplying blood.
Women experience a symptom in more tendency than men while resting or sleeping. If having emotional stress, it can trigger the symptoms of a heart attack in women.
Most of the women miss recognizing symptoms of heart attack, eventually end up in the emergency room.
What are the Risk Factors of Heart Attack in Women?
There are many risk factors for coronary artery disease including high cholesterol, obesity, and high blood pressure that affect both men and women. Moreover, there are other factors too that can play a bigger role in the developing heart attack in women.
Risk factors contributing to heart disease to women include:
Depression and Mental stress: Women are more prone to suffer from heart disorder by Stress and depression than men. Depression disrupts both a healthy lifestyle and the process of treatment.
Diseases with Inflammation: Lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and others can higher the risk of heart disorder among both men and women.
Inactivity: If you remain inactive or do not do any exercise, you are at the risk of heart disease. It is known that women are less active than men.
Complications in pregnancy: Suffering from high blood pressure or diabetes while women are pregnant can raise the risk of these conditions over long-time. Consequently, these conditions can lead to heart disease too.
Menopause: After menopause Low levels of estrogen poses a significant risk of development of disease in smaller blood vessels.
Diabetes: Women suffering from diabetes are more likely to develop heart disease as compared to men. You may get a silent heart attack without symptoms as diabetes alters the way you feel pain.
Smoking: If women are chain smokers they are at more risk of heart disease than men.
Early heart disease history in the family. If having early heart disease history in the family, then women are at higher risk of heart disease than men.
How Can Women Prevent From Heart Disease?
To reduce the risk of heart attack women should live a healthy lifestyle. Besides, you should follow these strategies:
Limit alcohol usage: Cut back, If you have more than one drink per day. One drink can be measured as approximately 12 ounces (360 millilitres) of beer, 1.5 ounces (45 millilitres) of distilled spirits, such as vodka or whiskey, or 5 ounces (150 millilitres) of wine.
Abstain from smoking: Don’t be a victim of smoking as it can damage your blood vessels.
Eat a healthy diet: Eat whole grains, low-fat or fat-free dairy products, a variety of fruits and vegetables, and lean meats. Do not consume saturated or trans fats and maximum amounts of salt and sugar.
Stress management: Stress tightens your arteries to put your heart at higher risk of coronary microvascular disease.
Manage other health conditions: Control other health conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol to reduce the risk of heart disease.
Exercise regularly: Exercise regularly, such as brisk walk and go for a stroll after night meal.
Properly follow the treatment plan: According to the prescription of doctor take your medicines like blood thinners, aspirin and for blood pressure.
Try to maintain a healthy weight: Know from your doctor that what weight would be best for you. Try to lose weight if you are overweight top reduce the risk of heart diseases.
Dr Anurag Sharma- Leading Heart Care Specialist
Dr. Anurag Sharma is among best heart specialist who is renowned to provide the best quality, appropriate and affordable treatment to women for heart diseases.
Patients under the care of Dr Anurag Sharma get full-fledged facilities, whether acute emergency care or management of severe comorbid conditions.
He hires the proficient team of heart doctors, nurses, and technicians that are available 24X7 to provide heart disease services to men and women patients.
Dr. Anurag Sharma and other available cardiologist doctors guide women appropriately about symptoms, risks and prevention of heart diseases.
If you are troubled by any heart condition, contact our heart doctor for proper treatment.