Thyroid Disorders – Types & Symptoms

Thyroid Disorders – Types & Symptoms

Thyroid disorders are some conditions that strike the thyroid gland which is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. The thyroid has a vital role to regulate various metabolic processes throughout the body. There are different types of disorders that affect the structure or function of the body.

The thyroid gland is situated below Adam’s apple wrapped around the windpipe. A thin area of tissue called isthmus is situated in the middle of the gland. It connects the two thyroid lobes on each side.

The thyroid utilizes iodine to produce vital hormones. Thyroxine is the elementary hormone produced by the gland. A small portion of this hormone is converted to triiodothyronine after the delivery via the bloodstream to the body’s tissues. Triiodothyronine is the most active hormone.

The thyroid gland is functioned by a feedback mechanism involving the brain. When thyroid hormone levels are low, the hypothalamus produces thyrotropin-releasing hormone that is responsible for the release of thyroid stimulating hormone. It stimulates the thyroid gland to release more thyroxine.

Kinds of Thyroid Disorders

Thyroid Disorders

There are some specific kinds of thyroid disorders that are mentioned below:-

  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Goiter
  • Thyroid Nodules
  • Thyroid cancer


This type of thyroid disorder occurs from the thyroid gland producing an inadequate amount of thyroid hormone. It can build from issues within the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, or hypothalamus. Symptoms of this disorder include:-

  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Poor concentration
  • Excessive menstrual bleeding in women
  • Feeling cold
  • Dry Skin
  • Muscle and joint aches
  • Constipation

Some common causes of hypothyroidism are:-

  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Other kinds of thyroiditis such as acute thyroiditis and postpartum thyroiditis.
  • Thyroid hormone


It describes the intense production of thyroid hormone as the comparison to hypothyroidism. Symptoms and signs of hyperthyroidism:-

  • Increased sweating
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Concentration problems
  • Fast heart rate
  • Intolerance for heat
  • Nervousness
  • Increase in bowel movements
  • Tremor
  • Fatigue

Some common causes of hyperthyroidism are:-

  • Intense iodine consumption
  • Toxic multinodular goiter
  • Graves disease


It describes the enlargement of the thyroid gland. A goiter is not a distinct disease per se. It may be associated with hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, or any other normal thyroid function.

Thyroid Nodules

Nodules are abnormal masses within the thyroid. It can be caused by benign cysts, benign tumors, and cancers of the thyroid. It can be single or multiple and can vary in size.

If they are excessively large, they may lead to symptoms related to compression of nearby structures.

Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid disorders

This thyroid is far more common among adult women. About 67 percent of cases occur in people under the age of 55. There are different types of thyroid cancer, depending upon the cell type of the thyroid that has become cancerous. At the early stage, most types of thyroid cancer have a good prognosis and high survival rates.

Diagnosis for Thyroid Disorder

To diagnose thyroid disorder, specialized tests are used. Blood tests are used to measure levels of hormones and TSH. These are also used to identify antibodies against thyroid tissue ordered by your doctor, like anti-thyroglobulin, anti-thyroperoxidase or TSH receptor.

Imaging tests are also used to diagnose thyroid nodules or enlargement are present. Ultrasound can examine the consistency of the tissue and can reveal cysts. It can not distinguish a benign from a malignant process.

Thyroid scans are also used to evaluate the function of thyroid nodules. The thyroid is the only one in the body that takes up iodine when radioactively labeled iodine is given. Imaging test shows the uptake of radioactive iodine by normal thyroid tissue.

Treatment for Thyroid

Thyroid disorders can be cured by medications or, in some cases, surgery, Treatment will totally depend on the particular disease of the thyroid.

Medications are used to replace the missing thyroid hormone in hypothyroidism. Synthetic thyroid hormone is given by mouth. When hyperthyroidism is present, medications can be used to prevent the production of hormones.

Other medications can be used to decrease the increased heart rate. Radioactive ablation can also be performed to control hyperthyroidism. Ablation involves doses of iodine to destroy thyroid tissue.

Thyroid surgery can be used to recapture a goiter or a hyperfunctioning nodule. It is necessary to prevent thyroid cancer. The surgery can also be used in Graves’ Disease.

Why Choose Ojas Hospital For Thyroid Treatment?

The thyroid is creating problems in life at a larger level. But those who got treated from right hands survived the battle.

Ojas Hospital is treating thyroid problems with the most advanced and effective solutions. We have the best and experienced doctors who are specialized in the treatment of thyroid problems.

As for the treatment, we have the modern techniques which will not only prevent thyroid but also give you an independent and pain-free life.

We suggest all not to wait for any growing problem and complications. Prepare yourself now for mending and not to rue which should be the way to be followed to get a solution.

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