When do you need a heart stent, and why?
An instrument like a tiny tube that opens up the blocked passageway on insertion by your doctor is called a stent. Depending upon the placement, the stent restores the flow of blood and other fluids.
Stent requires either metal or plastic for making. If arteries are large, it involves the use of larger stents known as stent-grafts. It needs specialized fabric in the formation of these stents. There can also be a coating of medicine over the stent to prevent blocked arteries from closing.
A stent for the heart is known as a coronary stent. This device is tube-shaped, and doctors place it in the coronary arteries for the proper regulation of blood during treatment of Coronary heart disease. Cardiologists perform it under percutaneous coronary intervention ( PCI ) procedure.
Nowadays, 9 out of 10, PCI procedures use a coronary stent. Insertion of coronary stent reduces angina ( chest pain ) and decreases adverse events in acute myocardial infarction to improve chances of survival.
According to Harvard Health, Every year, around 2 million people get treatment by coronary artery stent. Probably, on suffering from Coronary artery disease, your heart doctor would suggest the insertion of a stent.
Dr. Anurag Sharma being a heart specialist in Chandigarh has been successful in the treatment by heart stent for many cases over the years.
When is the time, the need for heart stent triggers?
It would start showing some signs on possible blockage of your heart, “says our cardiologist specialist. To refer: If feeling weak and exhausted after mild physical activity, like picking up a suitcase or walking for a small distance, you could require coronary heart stent shortly.
You may experience subtle changes in your endurance power. Shortness of breath or lightheadedness while walking flat surfaces, whereas a month prior it would have been limited to surfaces with inclination.
Even though you are experiencing these symptoms insignificantly, without letting the condition worsen, see your doctor as early as possible.
On meeting with your heart doctor, you would have a review of your symptoms, undergo a physical examination, perhaps ECG too. Besides, you would be going through a stress electrogram, advanced heart imaging test and standard treadmill test as well. By all these, your doctor will check for heart blockage.
You should notice that the risk of heart attack is not entirely associated with the degree of Coronary artery blockage.
However, you suffer from Heart attacks on blocking your artery entirely by a blood clot. On stable narrowing of the coronary artery with blockage by 90 %, inserting stent would only reduce the symptoms without reducing the risk of a Heart attack.
Why doctors prescribe treatment by cardiac stent?
The performance of angioplasty, along with stenting, can save the life of a person if getting treatment right after a Heart attack. Gradually, it improves the quality of patient’s life.
You have a better blood flow by it, and it works for the prevention of further heart muscle too. Moreover, you have an improvement in symptoms of chest pain and shortness of breath. It is possible to get the benefits sooner.
Stenting is reliable enough to eliminate the need for coronary bypass surgery in some cases. As it is less invasive than bypass surgery, its recovery time is lesser also. You would be recovering from stenting just within few days as compared to over month period for coronary bypass surgery.
Would treatment by stenting be successful in your case? Factors like how many arteries blocked and other health conditions decide it.
What is the procedure for inserting a coronary stent?
You get local anaesthesia during treatment for inserting the coronary stent. Doctors use local anaesthesia for inserting a cardiac stent. You get insertion of the catheter with a stent and balloon on the tip by making the small insertion in your groin, arm or neck.
Use of special dyes and monitors ensures successful insertion of a catheter through blood vessels to narrowed arteries. On reaching to the blocked or narrowed arteries, the balloon inflates. It allows blood flow to increase by expanding the stent and stretching your artery. When they reach the narrowed or blocked area, they will raise the balloon. At last, your doctor leaves the stent behind by deflating the balloon and removing the catheter.
While procedure, a filter will make sure plaque and blood clots are not coming loose and floating freely in your bloodstream. After the process, the doctor will prescribe you medications for the prevention of clotting within the stent. With time as your artery will heal, it will strengthen by merging with the mesh of the stent.
There are chances of restenosis on the narrowing of your arteries. To lower the risk of restenosis, your doctor can prefer a particular stent called a drug-eluting stent (DES).
Dr. Anurag Sharma – Best heart care specialist in Chandigarh
Dr. Anurag Sharma is an expert heart doctor in Chandigarh, and you get the best quality treatment at reasonable prices under his care.
The availability of complete facilities ensures adequate treatment for acute emergency care to the effective management of severe comorbid conditions.
Over the years, many heart patients have successful coronary stent surgery under percutaneous coronary intervention ( PCI ) procedure. His patients are highly obliged to him for their health wellness.
Staff working at his hospital, including doctors and nurses, are proficient in their job role and available 24*7 for the service of the community.
Dr. Anurag Sharma advises the community for the benefits of heart stent to make their lifestyle better if suffering from Coronary heart disease.
If you are having trouble with Coronary artery disease, get a consultation from Dr Anurag Sharma, a heart specialist in Chandigarh.